The Great Western Woodlands is an internationally significant area of great biological richness. It is the largest remaining area of intact Mediterranean climate woodland left on Earth. It has been compared to Africa’s Serengeti. Covering almost 16 million hectares – about the same size as England – it is a continuous band of woodlands and heathlands interspersed with salt lakes that stretches from the edge of the Wheatbelt to the Eastern Goldfields and pastoral rangelands to the north, the inland deserts to the north-east and the Nullarbor Plain to the east.
It is home to more than 20% of all Australia’s known plant species and remains a unique haven for a community of animal species that are threatened elsewhere in Australia. One of these is the community of birds typically found in temperate woodlands. As a direct result of habitat destruction and fragmentation, woodland bird communities have been in decline in many parts of Australia, but they can still be found in the Great Western Woodlands.
The Great Western Woodlands is a largely intact ecosystem predominantly located on public lands. It is, however, threatened by poor fire management, feral animals, weed encroachment, and human activities including road construction and mining.